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Thu Dec 2 13:06:14 PST 2010

Contents


    Notes


    (b): I'm including Reichenbach's [Reichenbach47] explanation or formulation of tenses in terms of three times -- Spoken, Reference, and Event:
    Table
    TimeMeaning
    SWhen the statement is Spoken
    RThe time the speaker is Refering to
    EThe time of the Event.
    E1The start of extended event E.
    E2The end of extended event E.
    =The two times are equal
    <first time is before the second time.

    (Close Table)
    So for example: R=E<S indicates that the Speaker(S) is Referring(R) to a time in the past when the Event(E) occurred, [ PAST TENSE ] below.


    (a): I am following modern American conversational usage that doesn't use shall.

    PRESENT TENSE

  1. E=R=S
    Table
    TO SEETO HAVETO BE
    IseeIhaveIam
    youseeyouhaveyouare
    heseeshehasheis
    weseewehaveweare
    youseeyouhaveyouare
    theyseetheyhavetheyare

    (Close Table)

    PAST TENSE

  2. R=E<S
    Table
    TO SEETO HAVETO BE
    IsawIhadIwas
    yousawyouhadyouwere
    hesawhehadhewas
    wesawwehadwewere
    yousawyouhadyouwere
    theysawtheyhadtheywere

    (Close Table)

    FUTURE TENSE

  3. S=R<E
    Table
    TO SEETO HAVETO BE
    I willseeI willhaveI willbe
    you willseeyou willhaveyou willbe
    he willseehe willhavehe willbe
    we willseewe willhavewe willbe
    you willseeyou willhaveyou willbe
    they willseethey willhavethey willbe

    (Close Table)

    PRESENT PERFECT TENSE

  4. E<S=R
    Table
    TO SEETO HAVETO BE
    I haveseenI havehadI havebeen
    you haveseenyou havehadyou havebeen
    he hasseenhe hashadhe hasbeen
    we haveseenwe havehad we havebeen
    you haveseenyou havehadyou havebeen
    they haveseenthey havehadthey havebeen

    (Close Table)

    PAST PERFECT TENSE

  5. E<R<S
    Table
    TO SEETO HAVETO BE
    I hadseenI hadhadI hadbeen
    you hadseenyou hadhadyou hadbeen
    he hadseenhe hadhadhe hadbeen
    we hadseenwe hadhadwe hadbeen
    you hadseenyou hadhadyou hadbeen
    they hadseenthey hadhadthey hadbeen

    (Close Table)

    FUTURE PERFECT TENSE

  6. S<E<R
    Table
    TO SEETO HAVETO BE
    I will haveseenI will havehadI will havebeen
    you will haveseenyou will havehadyou will havebeen
    he will haveseenhe will havehadhe will havebeen
    we will haveseenwe will havehad we will havebeen
    you will haveseenyou will havehadyou will havebeen
    they will haveseenthey will havehadthey will havebeen

    (Close Table)

    PRESENT PROGRESSIVE TENSE

  7. E1<S=R<E2
    Table
    TO SEETO HAVETO BE
    I amseeingI amhavingI ambeing
    you areseeingyou arehavingyou arebeing
    he isseeinghe ishavinghe isbeing
    we areseeingwe arehavingwe arebeing
    you areseeingyou arehavingyou arebeing
    they areseeingthey arehavingthey arebeing

    (Close Table)

    PAST PROGRESSIVE TENSE

  8. E1<E2<R<S
    Table
    TO SEETO HAVETO BE
    I wasseeingI washavingI wasbeing
    you wereseeingyou werehavingyou werebeing
    he wasseeinghe washavinghe wasbeing
    we wereseeingwe werehavingwe werebeing
    you wereseeingyou werehavingyou werebeing
    they wereseeingthey werehavingthey werebeing

    (Close Table)

    FUTURE PROGRESSIVE TENSE

  9. S=R<E1<E2
    Table
    TO SEETO HAVETO BE
    I will beseeingI will behaving
    you will beseeingyou will behaving
    he will beseeinghe will behaving
    we will beseeingwe will behaving
    you will beseeingyou will behaving
    they will beseeingthey will behaving

    (Close Table)

    PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE TENSE

  10. E1<E2<S=R
    Table
    TO SEETO HAVETO BE
    I have beenseeingI have beenhaving
    you have beenseeingyou have beenhaving
    he has beenseeinghe has beenhaving
    we have beenseeingwe have beenhaving
    you have beenseeingyou have beenhaving
    they have beenseeingthey have beenhaving

    (Close Table)

    PAST PERFECT PROGRESSIVE TENSE

  11. E1<E2<R<S
    Table
    TO SEETO HAVETO BE
    I had beenseeingI had beenhaving
    you had beenseeingyou had beenhaving
    he had beenseeinghe had beenhaving
    we had beenseeingwe had beenhaving
    you had beenseeingyou had beenhaving
    they had beenseeingthey had beenhaving

    (Close Table)

    FUTURE PERFECT PROGRESSIVE TENSE

  12. S<E1<E2<R
    Table
    TO SEETO HAVETO BE
    I will have beenseeingI will have beenhaving
    you will have beenseeingyou will have beenhaving
    he will have beenseeinghe will have beenhaving
    we will have beenseeingwe will have beenhaving
    you will have beenseeingyou will have beenhaving
    they will have beenseeingthey will have beenhaving

    (Close Table)

    PRESENT EMPHATIC

  13. E=R=S
    Table
    TO SEETO HAVETO BE
    I doseeI dohave
    you doseeyou dohave
    he doesseehe doeshave
    we doseewe dohave
    you doseeyou dohave
    they doseethey dohave

    (Close Table)

    PAST EMPHATIC

  14. E=R<S
    Table
    TO SEETO HAVETO BE
    I didseeI didhave
    you didseeyou didhave
    he didseehe didhave
    we didseewe didhave
    you didseeyou didhave
    they didseethey didhave

    (Close Table)

End